Article title The U.S. Supreme Court: Main Stages of Constitutional Rights Defense
Name of magazine Scientific-practical professional journal
«Law of the USA» (Ukrainian language)
Issue 1-2/2013
Сторінки [113-121]
Annotation The author defines the main stages of constitutional rights defense. At the preliminary stage till the end of the 19th Century the U.S. Supreme Court concentrated at economic cases involving the emerging national market and business. At the stage of appearing interest for constitutional rights in the first of the 20th Century social and economic rights of the people in the industrial economy were of primary concern for the working masses. In mature industrial society the priorities has changed because it was necessary to decide the fate of discriminated afro-americans and more complex political and cultural rights of all Americans. But neo-liberal court activism of E. Warren and his colleagues was a temporary event. Nowadays in socially atomized and politically turbulent post-modernizing society there is a demand for more balanced, pragmatic defense of constitutional rights in their broad content spectrum (including medical insurance reform of President B. Obama).
Keywords U.S. Supreme Court, defense of constitutional rights, stages in the development of court legal policy, Earl Warren as Chief Justice, social and economic rights in the USA, personal and political rights in American democracy.