|Article title||Compromise in the Civil Court Procedure|
|Name of magazine||Legal journal «Law of Ukraine» (Ukrainian version)|
The process of private and public law convergence, which is also inherent in the civil court procedure, is characterized by the use of contractual means and is based on individual will of the subjects of procedural relations, being the forms of compromise by their properties and essence. At the same time, practical implementation of the compromise procedures is complicated by the lack of a unified approach to the understanding of their essence and the place in the civil court procedure, and this indicates that there is a whole range of unresolved issues of theoretical, methodological and normative application nature.
The purpose of the article is to analyze the main theoretical and practical challenges pertaining to the use of the compromise in civil proceedings, and to characterize some forms of the compromise.
The main findings of the work made by the author are associated with the study of the structure, stages, classification and forms of the compromise in the civil court procedure.
The author defines objective and subjective requirements which make the use of the legal compromise possible. It is noted that in the civil court procedure the legal compromise exists in the form of an agreement and consent; in these forms, it is the result of the consent reached, but may also serve as a legal procedure which may comprise claim, mediation and case consideration by the arbitration tribunal.
The compromise in civil proceedings may be implemented as: 1) a voluntary agreement between participants to a case which is permitted or is not contrary to current law, with a view to achieving efficient and maximum outcome in the protection of their breached rights and obligations; 2) an additional means to generally resolve a separate procedural issue or a private law conflict in civil proceedings; 3) a model of behavior of participants to a case which balances between their opposition and cooperation and provides for mutual or unilateral acts; 4) relatively independent legal relations arising under certain conditions within the framework of the optionality principle of the civil court procedure.
Given the internal similarity of certain forms of the compromise in various branches of procedural law (subjects, grounds, purpose, application scope), the compromise may be regarded as an interdisciplinary institute.
|Keywords||civil court procedure; consensus; compromise; settlement agreement; consent; claim; mediation; proceedings at arbitration tribunal|
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