Article title Compromise in the Civil Court Procedure
Authors

   

Name of magazine Legal journal «Law of Ukraine» (Ukrainian version)
Issue 12/2018
Сторінки [237-248]
DOI 10.33498/louu-2018-12-237
Annotation

The process of private and public law convergence, which is also inherent in the civil court procedure, is characterized by the use of contractual means and is based on individual will of the subjects of procedural relations, being the forms of compromise by their properties and essence. At the same time, practical implementation of the compromise procedures is complicated by the lack of a unified approach to the understanding of their essence and the place in the civil court procedure, and this indicates that there is a whole range of unresolved issues of theoretical, methodological and normative application nature.

The purpose of the article is to analyze the main theoretical and practical challenges pertaining to the use of the compromise in civil proceedings, and to characterize some forms of the compromise.

The main findings of the work made by the author are associated with the study of the structure, stages, classification and forms of the compromise in the civil court procedure.

The author defines objective and subjective requirements which make the use of the legal compromise possible. It is noted that in the civil court procedure the legal compromise exists in the form of an agreement and consent; in these forms, it is the result of the consent reached, but may also serve as a legal procedure which may comprise claim, mediation and case consideration by the arbitration tribunal.

The compromise in civil proceedings may be implemented as: 1) a voluntary agreement between participants to a case which is permitted or is not contrary to current law, with a view to achieving efficient and maximum outcome in the protection of their breached rights and obligations; 2) an additional means to generally resolve a separate procedural issue or a private law conflict in civil proceedings; 3) a model of behavior of participants to a case which balances between their opposition and cooperation and provides for mutual or unilateral acts; 4) relatively independent legal relations arising under certain conditions within the framework of the optionality principle of the civil court procedure.

Given the internal similarity of certain forms of the compromise in various branches of procedural law (subjects, grounds, purpose, application scope), the compromise may be regarded as an interdisciplinary institute.

Keywords civil court procedure; consensus; compromise; settlement agreement; consent; claim; mediation; proceedings at arbitration tribunal
References

List of legal documents 

Legislation 
1. Pro treteiskyi sud [About the Arbitration Court]: Zakon Ukrainy [the Law of Ukraine] vid 11 travnia 2004 r. № 1701-IV. URL: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1701-15 (accessed: 24.03.2018) (in Ukrainian). 
2. Tsyvilnyi kodeks Ukrainy [Civil Code of Ukraine]: Zakon Ukrainy [the Law of Ukraine] vid 16 sichnia 2003 r. № 435-IV. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/435-15 (accessed: 01.12.2018) (in Ukrainian). 
3. Tsyvilnyi protsesualnyi kodeks Ukrainy [Civil Procedural Code of Ukraine]: v redaktsii Zakonu vid 3 zovtnia 2017 r. № 2147-VIII. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/1618-15 (accessed: 01.12.2018) (in Ukrainian). 

Cases 
4. Pro zastosuvannia sudamy okremykh norm Simeinoho kodeksu Ukrainy pry rozghliadi sprav shchodo batkivstva, materynstva ta stiahnennia alimentiv [On the application by courts of separate norms of the Family Code of Ukraine in the Consideration of Cases Concerning Paternity, Maternity and Alimony]: postanova Plenumu Verkhovnoho Sudu Ukrainy [the Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of Ukraine] vid 15 travnia 2006 r. № 3. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v0003700-06 (accessed: 01.12.2018) (in Ukrainian). 

Bibliography 
Authored books 
5. Bobrovnik S, Kompromis i konflikt u pravi: antropoloho-komunikatyvnyi pidhid do analizu [Compromise and Conflict in Law: Anthropological and Communicative Approach to Analysis] (Yurydychna dumka 2011) (in Ukrainian). 
6. Shemeneva O, Rol soglashenija storon v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve [Role of the Parties’ Agreement in Civil Court Proceedings] (Infotropik Media 2017) (in Russian). 
7. Sosnin V i Lunev P, Kak stat’ hozjainom polozhenija? Anatomija jeffektivnogo obshhenija. Rukovodstvo prakticheskogo psihologa [How to Gain the Upper Hand in the Situation? Anatomy of Efficient Communication. Practical Psychologist’s Guide] (Academia 1996) (in Russian). 

Edited books 
8. Haiduk N ta inshi (uklad), Alternatyvni pidhody do rozviazannia konfliktiv: teoriia i praktyka zastosuvannia [Alternative Approaches to Conflict Resolution: Application Theory and Practice] (PAIS 2007) (in Ukrainian). 

Journal articles 
9. Abdrashitov A, ‘Mirovoe soglashenie kak juridicheskij fakt i kak fakticheskij sostav’ [‘Settlement Agreement as a Legal Fact and as the Set of Facts’] (2005) 2 Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process 15-17 (in Russian). 
10. Nekiga S, ‘Kompromis v prave i pravovoj kompromis’ [‘Compromise in Law and Legal Compromise’] (2012) 45 Aktualni problemy polityky 59-65 (in Russian). 

Conference papers 
11. Kuzbagarov A, ‘Primirenie storon kak sostavljajushhaja sistem civilisticheskogo processa i ispolnitel’nogo proizvodstva’ [‘Reconciliation of the Parties as a Component of the Civil Process and Enforcement Proceedings Systems’] v Tendencii razvitija grazhdanskogo processualnogo prava Rossii: naukovo-praktychna konferentsiia [Trends in the Development of Civil Procedure Law in Russia: Materials of the Scientific and Practical Conference ] (Jurid. centr Press 2008) (in Russian). 

Dissertations 
12. Terskih A, ‘Kompromiss v rossijskom ugolovnom prave’ [‘Compromise in the Russian Criminal Law’] (dis kand jurid nauk, Uralskaja juridicheskaja akademija 2013) (in Russian).