|Article title||Compliance with the Requirement of Trial within a Reasonable Time in the Context of Reforms of Civil Procedural Legislation|
|Name of magazine||Legal journal «Law of Ukraine» (Ukrainian version)|
The right to a fair trial which is directly enshrined in cl. 1, Article 6 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms comprises, as its integral element, the principle of trial within a reasonable time. The current Code of Civil Procedure of Ukraine (hereinafter – the Ukrainian CCP) contains many novels which in some way or other relate to the issue of observance of a reasonable time of court trials. What is meant here is primarily the entrenchment in civil procedural legislation of the concept “reasonable time” and the reasonableness of trial times as one of the basic principles of civil proceedings, reforms of preparatory proceedings, introduction of simplified proceedings and the institution of dispute resolution with the participation of a judge, regulation of the provisions on inadmissibility of procedural rights abuse to delay the proceedings and liability for such actions. Today, these issues are poorly investigated, and therefore require an analysis in the context of the reforms of civil procedural legislation. The purpose of this article is to analyze the main changes in civil procedural legislation ensuing from the adoption of the Ukrainian Code of Civil Procedure as in force in 2017 which concern the length of court trials and the institutions new for civil procedural legislation which are aimed at procedural economy and at reducing the burden on courts; the article also aims at assessing whether the provisions of the current Ukrainian Code of Civil Procedure comply with the international standards of fair trial. The article specifies the criteria which are taken into account to assess whether a trial time is reasonable, as well as the moment of commencement and end of this time. The author emphasizes that in Ukraine there is a problem of non-execution of court decisions within a reasonable time. A comparison is made of the nature of a reasonable time according to the Ukrainian Code of Civil Procedure as in force in 2004 and the current Code of Civil Procedure of Ukraine. The article reviews the peculiarities of institutions which are new for civil procedural legislation: simplified proceedings, preparatory proceedings, dispute resolution with participation of a judge, and abuse of procedural rights. The author emphasizes that it is essential to introduce a mechanism protecting against actions of a judge which delay the case trial, in particular, to limit the discretionary powers, establish the liability of judges for delaying the trial and provide individuals with a possibility to appeal against illegal actions or omissions by judges which result in an excessive length of the proceedings.
|Keywords||right to a fair trial; trial within a reasonable time; efficient remedy to protect the right to a fair trial within a reasonable time; the European Court of Human Rights; Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms|
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