Article title Modern Legal Doctrine of Citizenship: Issues and Development Prospects
Authors
Name of magazine Legal journal «Law of Ukraine» (Ukrainian version)
Issue 4/2018
Сторінки [147-164]
DOI https://doi.org/10.33498/louu-2018-04-147
Annotation

In today’s world abound with democratic values, permanent globalization, civilization and migration processes, and the development of information technologies, each study having a focus on citizenship uses not only such categories as sustainability and certainty, but also not infrequently the categories of relativity and probability. First of all, this is relevant to analytical and statistical expert reports, forecasts and programs of development of the State and society, working out of efficient mechanisms for the exercise of public authority, modernization of current legislation and implementation of international practices and standards relating to the legal status of an individual, with a special focus on citizenship. The article attempts at extrapolating the peculiarities pertaining to the modern discourse of the legal doctrine of citizenship, in particular, with regard to the grounds for gaining citizenship by a person since birth and for the emergence of dual (multiple) citizenship, as well as with regard to the up-to-date perception of the institution of citizenship based on the European and international experience. In our opinion, the modern legal doctrine of citizenship is a set (synthesis) of interdisciplinary legal and other (economic, historical, political, philosophical, etc.) knowledge about the permanent effective relationship between an individual and the State, the doctrine of the dynamics (regularities) and the main trends found in their relationship. Furthermore, of no less importance are such elements of the legal doctrine of citizenship as the modern legal framework which is based on the European and international experience and regulates the issue of an individual’s legal identity at the international level. We are convinced that the development of the citizenship doctrine is directly influenced by the ideas prevailing in society, not only in Ukraine but also worldwide (for example, recent discussions on the value of granted (octroyed) citizenship, investment-related citizenship, dual (multiple) citizenship, e-citizenship etc.) in the context of implementation of the loyalty principle. Improvements to the legal framework applicable to citizenship should primarily concern a clear and legally reasoned regulation of the grounds upon which an individual may gain citizenship (and its termination); the issue of dual (multiple) citizenship of an individual and the possibility for such citizens (bipatrids) to be elected (appointed) to public authorities; the grounds for denaturalization and renaturalization; determination of generations of the Ukrainians who are born extraterritorially and may gain the citizenship of Ukraine based on the right of blood jus sanguinis since birth.

 

Keywords citizenship; gaining of citizenship; dual (multiple) citizenship; right of blood; jus soli; naturalization
References

List of legal documents

Legislation

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4. Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 <https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ ukpga/2008/22/section/33> accessed 9 March 2018 (in English).

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7. Pro zastosuvannia sudamy okremykh norm Simeinoho kodeksu Ukrainy pry rozghliadi sprav shchodo batkivstva, materynstva ta stiahnennia alimentiv [On application by courts of certain rules of the Family Code of Ukraine in cases concerning paternity, maternity and alimony]: postanova Plenumu Verkhovnoho Sudu Ukrainy [Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of Ukraine] vid 15 travnia 2006 r. № 3. URL: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v0003700-06 (accessed: 09.03.2018) (in Ukrainian).

8. Simeinyi kodeks Ukrainy [Family Code of Ukraine]: Zakon Ukrainy [the Law of Ukraine] vid 10 sichnia 2002 r. № 2947-III. URL: http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/2947-14 (accessed: 09.03.2018) (in Ukrainian).

 

Cases 9. ‘

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20. ‘X & Y (Foreign Surrogacy)’ [2008] EWHC 3030 (Fam) <http://www.familylawweek. co.uk/site.aspx?i=ed28706> accessed 9 March 2018 (in English).

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Bibliography

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Thesis abstracts

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Websites

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42. ‘The World’s Stateless: Children’ (Institute on Statelessness and Inclusion, January 2017) <http://www.institutesi.org/news/news_analysis.php> accessed 9 March 2018 (in English).