||Carried out is a theoretical and legal analysis of the Institute for control and supervision in agriculture. Disclosed is a complex, procedural, functional and regulatoryprotective nature of the Institute for control and supervision in agriculture. Control and supervision activity is one of the forms of implementing management activities, thus control and supervision activities in agriculture are an integral part of the subject of legal regulation in agrarian law. The state control and supervision in agriculture will contribute to, firstly, meeting the interests of citizens (consumers of agricultural products) as for their provision with ecologically clean, safe and affordable food; secondly, meeting the interests of a person or entity (agricultural producers) as for their needs in high-quality raw materials and fair labor payment for their production. Theoretical and practical significance of the doctrine as for the structure of the legal institution of control and supervision in agriculture is undeniable. Firstly, identification of the logical relations between legal norms of different branches that form the institution will help to identify gaps in regulatory support. Secondly, it will develop more sophisticated schemes of regulation of this activity and thereby improve legislation work in this direction. Thirdly, it will promote law enforcement practice as it will elaborate algorithms of implementing this model of control and supervision activities.