Article title International legal Standards for Ensuring the Rights of the Child
Name of magazine Legal journal «Law of Ukraine» (Ukrainian version)
Issue 5/2013
Сторінки [390-397]

The article deals with the history and development of the legal institution of children’s rights, and the establishment and review of the content and the main features of international standards of child rights. In this work the rules on the legal status of minors, which are enshrined in the universal international instruments and that are fixed in the special regulations concerning the legal status of the child. Notes in particular that the present system of international legal protection of the rights of the child was formed after World War II. Feature is that in this period the rights of the child began to come in universal international human rights instruments, and in a special document on the status of minors.

In addition, the article provides a detailed analysis of the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Points out that the rules of this document based on the fact that the child is a separate legal entity, but due to his physical and mental immaturity needs special (additional) care and protection of the child as a human being demands respect his individuality, respect and privacy of family is the best medium of raising a child, so the state should support this social institution.

It is concluded that the institution of children’s rights in international law has come a long way in its formation and development, and is characterized by an extensive system of supranational legislation. Analysis of the rules of public international law relating to international legal protection of the rights of children, shows that with the international protection of human rights within it has evolved and the international protection of children’s rights, which led to the isolation of total international law governing cooperation in this field.

Keywords international law, children, children’s rights, the rights of minors.