Given that it is quite possible that in the near future artificial intelligence equal to or exceeding human intelligence may be created, there are all the grounds to recognize the “e-person (personality)” as the subject of relations under criminal law and the subject (perpetrator) of a crime. The purpose of this article is to study the characteristics of artificial intelligence in the context of criminal law and the relevant doctrine, this being a promising task for this branch with a potential to facilitate the establishment and development of systemic relations with other related areas as a timely response to the need of preventing socially dangerous challenges of the present day and the future. The status “e-person (personality)” given to artificial intelligence as the subject of legal relations should not encounter any resistance from the perspective of legal doctrine and at the legislative level, in the same manner as this issue has been stabilized with regard to legal entities. Therefore, it is quite predictable that in the Ukrainian Criminal Code the section No. XIV-2 has been introduced under the provisional title “Measures at criminal law in respect of electronic persons (personalities)”. The features of artificial intelligence as the subject of a crime de lege ferenda may be as follows: 1) e-person (personality); 2) the ability to understand own actions (or omissions) and control them at the time of committing a crime. At the same time, it may be appropriate and justified to recognize artificial intelligence as the subject of relations under criminal law and the subject (perpetrator) of a crime only subject to a thorough analysis of proposals for a complete readjustment of the entire system, and subject to their harmonization at the level of branch and inter-branch relations, in the inseparable unity with the fundamental constitutional principles and international commitments of Ukraine. Besides, an important aspect is the task of protecting the rights of a victim who uses artificial intelligence- based implants, and combating criminal activities of individuals who may be more socially dangerous due to the use of similar implants based on up-todate technologies.
List of legal documents
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