Article title Legal Forms of Transfer of Proprietary Rights to Intellectual Property in the Business Sector
Authors
Name of magazine Legal journal «Law of Ukraine» (Ukrainian version)
Issue 6/2018
Сторінки [31-42]
DOI 10.33498/louu-2018-06-031
Annotation

Development of national economy in accordance with the innovation model requires an efficient system of legal support for the relations ensuing from transformation of the intellectual activity results into innovative products and innovations, and introduction of the rights to intellectual property into circulation in the business sector. Given the expansion and a more complex nature of the methods via which intellectual property rights are commercialized owing to various qualities acquired by these rights, it is increasingly important not only to examine the contracts for intellectual property right disposal which are enshrined in law, but also to develop other legal forms designated to serve as a go-between in cases of transfer of rights to objects of intellectual property in the business sector. The purpose of the article is to finalize the scientific and theoretical provisions relating to the transfer of proprietary rights to intellectual property in the business sector. The author shows the methods introducing intellectual property rights into circulation in the business sector within the framework of corporate, contractual and pledge relations. It is established that the specific nature of these legal relations leaves its mark on the legal forms of transfer of intellectual property rights. The article demonstrates that when economic relations become more complex, this is accompanied by the expansion of the scope and methods used to introduce intellectual property rights into the business sector. At the same time, the specifics of the mechanisms for the exercise of these methods of rights transfer generate a need for development of a legal form adequate to the said specifics. The author proves that regulation of intellectual property rights transfer under economic law does not provide for an appropriate definition and differentiation of legal forms of intellectual property rights transfer in the course of arrangement and performance of business activities, in the manner which would take into account the broad economic potential of these rights in terms of meeting various economic interests of business entities. As a result of the research, the author provides substantiation for the types of legal forms of transfer of proprietary rights to intellectual property in the business sector in case such rights are contributed as a contribution to the authorized capital of a business entity, or a contribution to joint activity (general partnership); or when proprietary right is used as the subject of pledge and further alienated in case of the exercise of the pledge. On this basis, the author concludes that it is advisable to improve the regulation, under economic law, of relations arising in connection with intellectual property rights transfer in terms of statutory definitions of the types of legal forms for the transfer of these rights. 

Keywords майнові права інтелектуальної власності; об’єкт інтелектуальної власності; правова форма; договір; передання прав; господарський оборот
References

List of legal documents 
 

Legislation 
1. Hospodarskyi kodeks Ukrainy [The Economic Code of Ukraine]: Zakon Ukrainy [the Law of Ukraine] vid 16 sichnia 2003 r. № 436-IV. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. 2003. № 18, № 19-20, № 21-22. St. 144 (in Ukrainian). 
2. Pro okhoronu prav na promyslovi zrazky [On the Protection of the Rights to Industrial Design]: Zakon Ukrainy [the Law of Ukraine] vid 15 hrudnia 1993 r. № 3688-XII. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. 1994. № 7. St. 34 (in Ukrainian). 
3. Pro okhoronu prav na vynakhody i korysni modeli [On the Protection of the Rights to Inventions and Utility Models]: Zakon Ukrainy [the Law of Ukraine] vid 15 hrudnia 1993 r. № 3687-XII. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. 1994. № 7. St. 32 (in Ukrainian). 
4. Pro okhoronu prav na znaky dlia tovariv i posluh [On the Protection of the Rights to Trademarks for Goods and Services]: Zakon Ukrainy [the Law of Ukraine] vid 15 hrudnia 1993 r. № 3689-XII. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. 1994. № 7. St. 36 (in Ukrainian). 
5. Tsyvilnyi kodeks Ukrainy [The Civil Code of Ukraine]: Zakon Ukrainy [the Law of Ukraine] vid 16 sichnia 2003 r. № 435-IV. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. 2003. № 40-44. St. 356 (in Ukrainian). 

Cases 
6. Pro deiaki pytannia praktyky vyrishennia sporiv, poviazanykh iz zakhystom prav intelektualnoi vlasnosti [On Some Issues of Dispute Resolution Practice Relating to the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights]: postanova Plenumu Vyshchoho hospodarskoho sudu Ukrainy [Resolution of the Plenum of the Higher Economic Court of Ukraine] vid 17 zhovtnia 2012 r. №12. Visnyk hospodarskoho sudochynstva. 2012. № 6 (in Ukrainian). 
 

Bibliography 
 

Authored books 
7. Kravchuk V, Korporatyvne pravo. Naukovo-praktychnyi komentar zakonodavstva ta sudovoi praktyky [Corporate Law. Scientific and Practical Commentary on Legislation and Court Practice] (Istyna 2005) (in Ukrainian). 

Edited books 
8. Shvandar V i Gorfinkel’ V (red), Innovatsionnyy menedzhment [Innovative Management] (Vuzovskiy uchebnik 2004) (in Russian). 

Journal articles 
9. Belianevych O, ‘Pro spetsializatsiiu v pravovomu rehuliuvanni hospodarskykh dohovirnykh vidnosyn’ [‘On the Specialization in Legal Regulation of Business Relations under Contract’] (2010) 8 Pravo Ukrainy 66 (in Ukrainian). 

Websites 
10. ‘Richnyi zvit za 2016 rik’ [‘Annual Report for 2016’] (Derzhavna sluzhba intelektualnoi vlasnosti Ukrainy, 2017) 20, 28 <www.uipv.org/i_upload/file/AnnualReport/zvit_ukr2016.pdf> accessed 10 May 2018 (in Ukrainian).

11. ‘Stanom na 1 sichnia 2018 roku (z 1992 roku) do derzhavnykh reiestriv vneseno 518 701 okhoronnyi dokument na OPV’ [‘As of January 1, 2018 (since 1992), 518,701 security documents were submitted to the state registers for IPOs’] (Ukrainskyi instytut intelektualnoi vlasnosti (Ukrpatent), 2018) accessed 10 May 2018 (in Ukrainian). 
12. Bazylevych V, ‘Tendentsii rozvytku ta superechnosti suchasnoho rynku intelektualnoi vlasnosti’ [‘Development Trends and Contradictions of the Modern Intellectual Property Market’] (Elektronnyy arkhiv Zhitomirskogo natsional’nogo agroekologicheskogo universiteta, 2018) accessed 10 May 2018 (in Ukrainian). 
13. Yavorska O, ‘Dohovory u sferi intelektualnoho prava: problemy zastosuvannia chynnoho zakonodavstva’ [‘Contracts under Intellectual Property Law: Application Issues of Current Legislation’] (APhD, Konferentsii: IT pravo: problemy i perspektyvy rozvytku v Ukraini, 2018) accessed 10 May 2018 (in Ukrainian).