Article title The Doctrine of Ukraine’s Private (Civil) Law Methodology. General Provisions
Authors

Doctor Habil. in Law, Professor, Full Member (Academician) of the National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine, Head of the Civil Law Department of the Faculty of Law Taras Shevtshenko National University of Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine) roman.maydanyk@gmail.com

 

Name of magazine Legal journal «Law of Ukraine» (Ukrainian version)
Issue 1/2019
Сторінки [58-74]
DOI 10.33498/louu-2019-01-058
Annotation

The need for a sustainable development of national society and law in the context of European integration and globalization brings about the task of shaping the doctrine of legal methodology of law according to the European standards of law, and its application in Ukraine. The purpose of the article is to give a characterization of the idea, concept and system of legal methodology as the basic elements of the doctrine of legal methodology of Ukraine’s private (civil) law. The methodology of private (civil) law is a kind of branch-specific methodology which defines the system of principles and the methods for comprehending the worldview notions of private (civil) law, as well as the doctrine of this system. The private law methodology reflects the specifics of subjective civil rights and interests and their relationship to public rights and interests, all this resulting in the specifics of application or even the presence of methods, principles and legal constructions unknown to public rights. Private (civil) law of Ukraine should be methodologically underlain by the concept of sociological understanding of law, which concept corresponds to the legislatively formulated (primarily, in the Civil Code of Ukraine) mechanisms of understanding of law as an instrument of “living” law, according to which a provision of law should be applied and interpreted in the manner consistent with actually existing social relations as of the time when this provision of law applies. The modern methodology of private (civil) law of a liberal type is determined by two basic concepts of understanding of law – legal rationalism and jurisprudence of interests which have been formed as a resultof millennial evolution of the Western tradition of law. The legal rationalism concept recognizes as law not so much a “dead” provision formally enshrined in law, as the making of law as a result of application of law by authorized state bodies and individuals. The legal rationalism methodology is based on a systematic analysis of social relations, with due regard for all of the social regulators (economy, ethics, religion, etc.) essential for law. The essence of the term “jurisprudence of interests” is that instead of obtaining the result through logical interpretation of concepts, a provision of law is considered as a reasonable and precisely targeted resolution by the legislator of a certain conflictof interests. The subject of law application should recognize the interests protected by law and adhere to them when applying the provisions of legislation and resolving disputes. The search for an equitable decision should not be based on a subjective view of justice which a particular subject of law has, but should be made within the methodology of teleological jurisprudence of values which envisages that in case of resolving a legal dispute, justice means ensuring a balance of interests of the parties to the conflict in accordance with the values protected by law. The division of the private law methodology into separate methodological areas and tools provides for the division of legal phenomena constituting the subject matter of the private law methodology, depending on their content and nature, into two parts – general and special ones, with each of them also divided into sections.

 

Keywords methodology of private law; understanding of law; jurisprudence of interests; rationalism of law
References

List of legal documents 

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