Article title Personal Non-Property Rights in the National Doctrine of Civil Law

Doctor of science of law, Professor, Professor of Civil and Legal Disciplines Department Kharkiv national University of Internal Affairs (Kharkiv City, Ukraine) ORCID ID:


Doctor of science of law, Associate professor, Head of Civil Law and Procedure Department Kharkiv national University of Internal Affairs(Kharkiv City, Ukraine) ORCID ID:


Name of magazine Legal journal «Law of Ukraine» (Ukrainian version)
Issue 1/2019
Сторінки [105-119]
DOI 10.33498/louu-2019-01-105

Legal doctrine is the foundation of law-making, law application and law implementation. On their part, the latter have an impact on the shaping of the national civil law doctrine and provide a stimulus to its development. Given that modern society has a special respect for human rights and freedoms, their real assurance and guarantee at the national as well as at the international levels, there can not be the slightest doubt about a particular importance of the doctrine of personal non-property rights. This article aims at expanding and clarifying the ideas of personal non-property rights in the national civil law doctrine. The author examines the factors which had an impact on the development of the doctrine of personal non-property rights, with due regard for the experience of European countries. It is noted that today the national law theory is dominated by a positive concept according to which personal /non-property relations are regarded as a part of the subject of civil law and are thus protected by it and regulated by it as well. Given the specific features of the object, their legal regulation mechanism is close to that which is applied to the relations with results of intellectual and creative efforts. The author has established that today an increasing importance is gained by a point of view according to which some legal relations can have a dual nature and comprise personal non-property and property rights,and personal non-property legal relations which underlie an individual’s social existence can be targeted at satisfying not only of non-property interest but property interest as well. The author demonstrates that, in contrast to the traditional standpoint that personal non-property rights can emerge and terminate only by virtue of law, birth of a person or his/her death, there is a growing support of another standpoint according to which the grounds for emergence, modification or termination of personal non-property rights are fully covered by the general provisions of legal facts. The article also focuses on the current issues of the doctrine of personal non-property rights held by legal entities. It is noted that in most modern studies scholars have a positive attitude to the existence of a whole system of personal non-property rights of a legal entity. Given the findings of the research, the author indicates some aspects of further development of the national doctrine of personal non-property rights, and outlines their prospects and significance. 

Keywords relations under civil-law; personal non-property rights; natural person; legal entity

List of legal documents 
1. Tsyvilnyi kodeks Ukrainy [The Civil Code of Ukraine]: Zakon Ukrainy [the Law of Ukraine] vid 16 sichnia 2003 r. № 435-IV (accessed: 01.12.2018) (in Ukrainian). 

2. The Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of Ukraine vid 27 liutoho 2009 r. № 1 (accessed: 17.11.2018) (in Ukrainian). 


Authored books 
3. Alekseev S, Predmet sovetskogo socialisticheskogo grazhdanskogo prava [Subject Matter of Soviet Socialist Civil Law], vol 1: Uchenye trudy, Seriya “Grazhdanskoe pravo” [Academic Papers, Series “Civil Law”] (Sverdlovskij jurid in-t 1959) (in Russian). 
4. Fediuk L, Osobysti nemainovi prava yurydychnykh osib [Personal Non-Property Rights of Legal Entities] (Prykarpatskyi natsionalnyi universytet im Vasylia Stefanyka 2013) (in Ukrainian). 
5. Flejshic E, Lichnye prava grazhdan v grazhdanskom prave Sojuza SSR i kapitalisticheskih stran [Personal Rights of Citizens in the Civil Law of the USSR and the Capitalist Countries], vyp VI (Jurid izd-vo NKJu SSSR 1941) (in Russian). 
6. Jakovlev V, Grazhdansko-pravovoj metod regulirovanija obshhestvennyh otnoshenij [The Civil Method of Social Relations Control] (1972) (in Russian). 
7. Halfina R, Obshhee uchenie o pravootnoshenii [The General Doctrine of Legal Relations] (Juridicheskaya literatura 1974) (in Russian). 
8. Kantorovich Ja, Osnovnye idei grazhdanskogo prava [Basic Ideas of Civil Law] (Jurid izd-vo NKJu SSSR 1928) (in Ukrainian). 
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11. Krasavchikov O, Juridicheskie fakty v sovetskom grazhdanskom prave [Legal Facts in Soviet Civil Law] (Gosjurizdat 1958) (in Russian). 
12. Lapach V, Sistema ob’ektov grazhdanskih prav: teorija i sudebnaja praktika [The System of Civil Rights Objects: Theory and Case Law] (Juridicheskij centr Press 2002) (in Russian). 
13. Maleina M, Lichnye neimushhestvennye prava grazhdan: ponjatie, osushhestvlenie, zashhita [Personal Non-Property Rights of Citizens: Concept, Implementation, Protection] (Press 2000) (in Russian). 
14. Matuzov N, Aktual’nye problemy teorii prava [Advanced Topics of Theory of State and Law] (Izd-vo Saratov gos akad prava 2004) (in Russian). 
15. Posykaliuk O, Osobysti nemainovi prava fizychnykh osib v romanskii, hermanskii,anhlo-amerykanskii systemakh pryvatnoho prava [Personal Non-Property Rights of Physical Persons in Romanic, Germanic, Anglo-American Systems of Private Law] (NDI pryvatnoho prava i pidpr NAPrN Ukrainy 2011) (in Ukrainian). 
16. Slipchenko S, Oborotosposobnost’ ob`ektov lichnyh neimushhestvennyh prav, obespechivajushhih social’noe bytie fizicheskogo lica [The Conveyance of Personal Non- Property Rights Objects, Ensuring the Social Existance of Individuals] (FOP Michurina N A 2011) (in Russian). 
17. Slipchenko S, Osobysti nemainovi pravovidnosyny shchodo oborotozdatnykh obiektiv [Personal Non-Property Legal Relations Сoncerning Transferable Objects] (Disa plius 2013) (in Ukrainian). 
18. Stefanchuk R, Osobysti nemainovi prava fizychnykh osib u tsyvilnomu pravi (poniattia, zmist, systema, osoblyvosti zdiisnennia ta zakhystu) [Personal Non-Property Rights of Physical Persons in the Civil Law (Concept, Content, System, Special Aspects of Conduct and Protection] (KNT 2008) (in Ukrainian). 
19. Tarhov V, Grazhdanskoe parvo: Obshhaja chast’ [Civil Law: General Part] (1997) (in Russian). 
20. Tolstoj V, Lichnye neimushhestvennye pravootnoshenija [Personal Non-Property Legal Relations] (Izd-vo Akadem povysh kvalif i prof perepodg rab obrazovanija 2009) (in Russian). 

Edited books 
21. Kuznietsova N, Kharytonov Ye, Maidanyk R ta inshi, Pravova doktryna Ukrainy Doktryna pryvatnoho prava Ukrainy [The Legal Doctrine of Ukraine: Doctrine of Private Law of Ukraine], t 3 (Kuznietsova N red, Pravo 2013) (in Ukrainian). 
22. Pushkin A i Samojlenko V (red), Grazhdanskoe pravo Ukrainy: ucheb dlja vuzov sistemy MVD Ukrainy [Civil Law of Ukraine: Textbook for Universities of the MIA of Ukraine System], ch 1 (Osnova 1996) (in Russian). 
23. Sergeev A i Tolstoj Ju (red), Grazhdanskoe pravo [Civil Law], ch 1 (TEIS 1996) (in Russian). 
24. Shramm H-J, ‘Obshhee lichnoe pravo i vozmeshhenie nematerial’nogo vreda nemeckom prave’ [‘General Private Law and Compensation of Non-Economic Damages in German Law’] v Stefanchuk R (red), Lichnye neimushhestvennye prava: problemy teorii i praktiki primenenija [Personal Non-Property Rights: Problems of Theory and Practice of Application] (Jurinkom Inter 2010) 103-18 (in Russian). 
25. Slipchenko S ta Syniehubov O ta Kroitor V ta inshi, Suchasni problemy tsyvilnoho prava ta protsesu [Modern Problems of Civil Law and Procedure] (Zhornokui Yu ta Krasytska L red, Pravo 2017) (in Ukrainian). 
26. Spasibo-Fateeva I, ‘Parnye prava ili eshhe odna popytka razobrat’sja s lichnymi neimushhestvennymi pravami i raskryt’ znachimost’ kategorii “parnye prava” i ih vidy’ [‘Paired Rights or Another Attempt to Deal with Personal Non-Property Rights and to Reveal the Significance of the Category of “Raired Rights” and Their Types’] v Stefanchuk R (red), Lichnye neimushhestvennye prava: problemy teorii i praktiki primenenija [Personal Non-Property Rights: Problems of Theory and Practice of Application] (Jurinkom Inter 2010) 139-65 (in Russian). 
27. Suhanov E (otv red), Rossijskoe grazhdanskoe pravo: Obshhaja chast’ Veshhnoe pravo Nasledstvennoe pravo Intellektual’nye prava Lichnye neimushhestvennye prava [The Russian Civil Law: General Part Property Law Inheritance Law Intellectual Rights Moral Rights], t I (Statut 2010) (in Russian). 

Journal articles 
28. Bogdanova E, ‘Zashhita interesov grazhdan pri konflikte ih lichnyh neimushhestvennyh prav’ [‘Protection of the Interests of Citizens in Case of Their Personal Non-Property Rights Conflict’] (2013) 12 Zhurnal rossijskogo prava 75-86 (in Russian). 
29. Ioffe O, ‘Lichnye neimushhestvennye prava i ih mesto v sisteme sovetskogo grazhdanskogo prava’ [‘Personal Non-Property Rights and Their Place in the System of Soviet Civil law’] (1966) 7 Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo 57 (in Russian). 
30. Ivanov O, ‘Problemy pravovoj ohrany lichnyh neimushhestvennyh blag grazhdan v socialisticheskom obshhestve’ [‘The Problems of the Legal Protection of Personal Non-Property Rights of Citizens in Socialistic Society’] (1973) Aktual’nye problemy socialisticheskogo gosudarstvennogo upravlenija 55 (in Russian). 
31. Kashanin A, ‘O probleme rasporjazhenija lichnymi neimushhestvennymi pravami avtora’ [‘On the Problem of the Authors` Personal Non-Property Rights Disposal’] (2009) 4 Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava 43-98 (in Russian). 
32. Kuznecova N, ‘Sovershenstvovanie mehanizma pravovogo regulirovanija grazhdanskih pravootnoshenij’ [‘Improvement of the Mechanism of Legal Regulation of Civil Legal Relations’] (2012) Aktualni problemy tsyvilnoho, simeinoho ta mizhnarodnoho pryvatnoho prava (Matvieievski tsyvilistychni chytannia) 47 (in Ukrainian). 
33. Pushkin A, ‘Spornye voprosy uchenija o grazhdanskom pravootnoshenii’ [‘Controversial Issues of Civil Law Relations Doctrine’] (1974) Voprosy gosudarstva i prava 159-60 (in Russian). 
34. Slipchenko S, ‘Deiaki pytannia kharakterystyky osobystykh nemainovykh prav, shcho zabezpechuiut sotsialne buttia fizychnoi osoby’ [‘Some Questions of the Personal Non-Property Rights Characteristics, Ensuring the Social Being of an Individual’] [2005] 1(2) Naukovi zapysky Kharkivskoho ekonomiko-pravovoho universytetu 11-7 (in Ukrainian). 
35. – –, ‘O sposobnosti juridicheskogo lica imet’ lichnye neimushhestvennye prava, obespechivajushhie prirodnoe sushhestvovanie fizicheskogo lica’ [‘On the Entity’sAbility to Have Moral Rights that Ensure Natural Existence of an Individual’] (2014) 3 Pravo і bezpeka 195-200 (in Russian). 

Thesis abstracts 
36. Horyslavskyi K, ‘Pravo liudyny ta hromadianyna na samozakhyst zhyttia i zdorovia vid protypravnykh posiahan’ [‘Person’s and Citizen’s Right to Self-Protection of Life and Health against Illegal Encroachments’] (dys kand yuryd nauk, 2003) (in Russian). 
37. Pochanskij M, ‘Lichnye neimushhestvennye prava grazhdan SSSR’ [‘Personal Non- Property Rights of the USSR Citizens’] (dis kand jurid nauk, 1939) (in Russian). 
38. Pohribnyi S, ‘Mekhanizm ta pryntsypy rehuliuvannia dohovirnykh vidnosyn u tsyvilnomu pravi Ukrainy’ [‘Mechanism and Principles of Contractual Arrangements Regulation in the Civil Law of Ukraine’] (dys d-ra yuryd nauk 2009) (in Ukrainian). 
39. Romovskaja Z, ‘Lichnye neimushhestvennye prava grazhdan SSSR (ponjatie, vidy, klassifikacija, soderzhanie i grazhdansko-pravovaja zashhita)’ [‘Personal Non-Property Rights of the USSR Citizens (Concept, Types, Classification, Content and Civil-Legal Protection)’] (avtoref kand jurid nauk, Kiev gos un-t 1968) (in Russian). 
40. Semenikhin I, ‘Pravova doktryna v systemi yurydychnoi nauky ta praktyky’ [‘Legal Doctrine in the System of Legal Science and Practice’] (avtoref dys kand yuryd nauk, 2012) (in Ukrainian). 
41. Ustymenko N, ‘Taiemnytsi osobystoho zhyttia liudyny ta yikh tsyvilno-pravova okhorona’ [‘Privacy of Individual and Its Civil-Legal Protection’] (avtoref dys kand yuryd nauk, 2001) (in Ukrainian).