Article title Reorganization as Economic and Legal Phenomenon in the Economic Law
Authors

Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Civil Law and Process of Donetsk National University named after Vasyl Stus (Vinnytsia, Ukraine) ORCID ID:  https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0278-0170  Researcher ID: https://publons.com/researcher/4024791/nataliia-shcherbakova sherbakova@donnu.edu.ua

 

Name of magazine Legal journal «Law of Ukraine» (Ukrainian version)
Issue 4/2021
Сторінки [144-166]
Annotation

Aspiring of managing subjects to strengthening of the positions at the corresponding market conditioned by many reasons, in particular by globalization, macroeconomic processes, quickly changeable competition environment that compels economic organizations to look over tactics of conduct and business management and predetermines the input of different methods and instruments of economic and legal character, in particular application of reorganizations’ procedures. The question of realization of reorganization is strategic for many management subjects because it has for an object fixing and strengthening of positions at the corresponding market, deepening, expansion of production specialization, productive cost cutout, and, as a result, increase of competitiveness. In a legislation and legal doctrine there are corresponding with stand positions and scientific developments in relation to such legal phenomenonas “reorganization”, however dynamic development and specialization of economic connections, updating of legislative base, change in the structural construction of national economy predetermine expediency of continuation of scientific search within the limits of the marked range of problems, in particular at direction of complex analysis of legal and economic descriptions of reorganization; corresponding analysis and rethinking in the context of modern economic appeals and legislative.

The purpose of the article is a ground of positions of theoretical and methodological principles of development of legal category of reorganization as the economic and legal phenomenon in the Economic law.

In the article the generals of becoming and development of legislation are analyzed about reorganization, well-proven expediency of the use of summarizing term “reorganization” instead of the use of its forms. Different approaches in relation to the decision of maintenance of concept reorganization are investigated: as a method of formation, method of stopping, universal succession, legal institute, legal relationship, legal transaction, legal composition, and distinguished basic signs characterize reorganization. The analysis of the special legislation is also conducted about reorganization in bank, insurance and investment spheres and exposure of tendency of the use of such form of reorganization as accession for enlargement of business, concentration, and capitalization of capital.

 Reasonably, that a concept “reorganization” as has the legal phenomenon multidimensional value in the Economic law, can come forward as a legal relationship, legal institute, legal transaction, legal composition, one of examples of succession, the method of formation of economic organizations, method of stopping of economic organizations, that envisages presence of the special adjusting of every display of this category with aim of its proper application. It is set the proper realization of reorganization is determined by legislative regulation; by economic factors (by external and internal factors); by reasons that result in realization of such procedure; by aims that pursue participants of reorganization. It is well-proven that to all purposes of reorganization inherent economic character and strengthening of position of professional participant of market by defence of business, its expansion based on already functioning managing subject of with the use of its infrastructure from application of such effective form of reorganization as accession, and, as a result, possibility of penetration to the new markets, declines of level of productive charges, and others like that. It is educed that reorganization of economic organizations is in the special legislation, in banking, insurance, investment spheres, used as the effective instrument, sent to enlargement of business, concentration and capitalization of the asset, that is constrained, mostly, with requirements that is pulled out to the size of authorized capital of such professional participants of market. Reasonable necessity of rethinking of approaches to near understanding of reorganization as economic and legal phenomenon, its socio-economic essence, realization of the called tasks and aims, and as a result of restart of reorganizations’ procedures taking into account the complex of the system of legal and economic factors for the sake of increase of productive and investment attractiveness of economic organizations, providing of balance of private law and public interests.

 

Keywords reorganization; economic organization; forms of reorganization; succession; method of formation; method of stopping; accession as method of capitalization
References

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