Article title Principle of the Rule of Law in Civil Proceedings: the Advocates’s View
Authors

Doctor of Legal Sciences, Docent, Associate Professor of Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Disciplinary Advocate of the Association of Private Enforcement Agents of Ukraine (Kharkiv, Ukraine) ORCID-ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1641-6161 Scopus: 57215025694 Researcher ID: http://www.researcherid.com/rid/AAB-1985-2021 justice.olena@gmail.com

 

Name of magazine Legal journal «Law of Ukraine» (Ukrainian version)
Issue 11/2021
Сторінки [209-233]
Annotation

The research focuses theoretical and practical manifestations of the concept of the rule of law in civil proceedings.

The purpose of the article is to reveal some substantive elements of the principle of the rule of law in civil proceedings, which is one of the fundamental principles of justice, has a universal character, covers all areas of legal regulation and branches of justice. The analysis of these components of the rule of law is carried out from the point of view of the advocate as a representative of the rights and legitimate interests of a person in civil proceedings. An additional focus of the study is interpretation of the precedents of the highest courts of Ukraine, which embodies implementations of various aspects of the of the rule of law.

 As the basic conclusion of the research the author interprets the rule of law as a concept on which both the philosophy of modern justice, current law enforcement and legal understanding are based. The rule of law means justice and it is a mega-principle and a universal standard that covers all areas of legal regulation and branches of the judiciary. All activities of the judges and advocates in the global dimension should be aimed at restoring the violation of the balance of legal justice and the rule of law as meta-principles, as well as at protection of single components of these principles. The characteristics of certain elements of the rule of law principle in civil proceedings are presented, in particular these are access to courts, motivation of court decisions, effective remedy of legal protection, execution of court decisions.

 In the conclusion the author emphasizes that access to courts in civil proceedings is provided by a set of procedural tools aimed to overcome legal and factual obstacles on an individual path of access to court. The proper organization of the judiciary, which includes sufficient number of judges in the judiciary, ensures the territorial proximity of courts, and creates decent conditions for judges to consider and resolve cases and the legal activism of advocates, are significant aspects of access to justice.

 Proper motivation of court decisions in civil proceedings is an important component of the rule of law, which consists of careful revision and evaluation of all of the arguments presented by the parties, analyzing all of the factual circumstances of the case, presenting the legal qualification of the disputed relationship. All of these issues should be enounced in the court decision. Poor argumentation of a judicial verdict undermines the balance of procedural and substantive justice, could be classified as a sign of arbitrariness, and contradicts generally accepted international standards of due process.

The protection of an individual right can be considered effective if it eliminates the existing factual and legal obstacles that arise during the exercise of this right, provides a restoration of the state that existed before the circumstances that limited this right. An effective remedy not only enables a person to exercise an individual right in accordance with law or a civil law agreement, but also to dispose of specific material and/or intangible assets.

 Execution of court decisions is an integral part of administration of justice, its final stage, which is covered by all the guarantees of a fair trial, provided for in part 1 of article 6 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Initial purpose of justice will not be achieved if the final court decision is not executed.

 

Keywords rule of law in civil proceedings; advocate’s activities; motivation of court decisions; access to courts; closing of the proceedings; leaving the case without consideration; effective remedy of legal protection; execution of court decisions
References

Bibliography

Authored books

1. Chvankin S, Dokazuvannia u tsyvilnomu protsesi v epokhu informatsiinykh tekhnolohii (Feniks 2021) (in Ukrainian).

 2. Fojnickij I, Kurs ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva, t 1 (Al’fa 1996) (in Russian).

3. Huivan P, Pravo na spravedlyvyi sud: sutnist ta temporalni vymiry za mizhnarodnymy standartamy (Pravo 2019) (in Ukrainian).

4. Kaplina O, Pravozastosovne tlumachennia norm kryminalno-protsesualnoho prava (Pravo 2008) (in Ukrainian).

5. Shevchuk S, Porivnialne pretsedentne pravo z prav liudyny (Referat 2002) (in Ukrainian).

6. Vas’kovskij E, Kurs grazhdanskogo processa, t 1 (Izd br Bashmakovyh 1913) (in Russian).

 

 Edited books

7. Kurs tsyvilnoho protsesu: pidruchnyk (Komarov V red, Pravo 2011) (in Ukrainian).

8. Posibnyk z napysannia sudovykh rishen u tsyvilnomu i kryminalnomu sudochynstvi (Vaite 2016) (in Ukrainian).

 

Encyclopedias

9. Ovcharenko O, ‘Dostupnist pravosuddia’ Velyka ukrainska yurydychna entsyklopediia: u 20 tomakh. Tom 19. Kryminalnyi protses, sudoustrii, prokuratura ta advokatura (Nor V holova redkol, NAPrN Ukrainy, In-t derzhavy i prava im V M Koretskoho NAN Ukrainy, Nats. yuryd. un-t im. Yaroslava Mudroho 2020) 215–8 (in Ukrainian).

Journal articles

10. Horodovenko V, ‘Realizatsiia pryntsypu verkhovenstva prava u tsyvilnomu sudochynstvi v umovakh reformuvannia pravosuddia’ (2018) 3 Pravo Ukrainy 65–78 (in Ukrainian).

11. Luspenyk D, ‘Verkhovenstvo prava – “novyi” staryi pryntsyp tsyvilnoho sudochynstva: spivvidnoshennia iz pryntsypom zakonnosti’ (2017) 8 Pravo Ukrainy 9–20 (in Ukrainian).

12. Tsuvina T, ‘Pravo na dostup do sudu: pidkhid YeSPL’ (2020) 4 Pidpryiemnytstvo, hospodarstvo i pravo 60–9 (in Ukrainian).

 

Websites

13. ‘Protiahom sichnia – lystopada 2021 roku VRP pryiniala rishennia pro zvilnennia 192 suddiv’ <https://hcj.gov.ua/news/protyagom-sichnya-lystopada-2021-roku-vrp-pryynyalarishennya-pro-zvilnennya-192-suddiv> (accessed: 26.11.2021) (in Ukrainian).

14. Bernaziuk Ya, ‘Poniattia ta kryterii motyvovanosti sudovoho rishennia yak odniiei z harantii dotrymannia sudamy pryntsypu verkhovenstva prava’ (Sudebno-iurydycheskaia hazeta, 09.01.2019) <https://sud.ua/ru/news/blog/133015-ponyattya-ta-kriteriyi-motivovanostisudovogo-rishennya-yak-odniyeyi-z-garantiy-dotrimannya-sudamiprintsipuverkhovenstva-prava?fbclid=IwAR1Yt8WX2AHwH1kc_iN8pf8s0eCPPYezBJ1DYVN1EMNFkLKh5E-9h9TcyM> (accessed: 12.11.2021) (in Ukrainian).

15. Drozdov O, ‘Ievropeiski osnovy dostupu do pravosuddia’ (01.06.21) <https://unba.org. ua/publications/6654-evropejs-ki-osnovi-dostupu-do-pravosuddya.html> (accessed: 16.11.2021) (in Ukrainian).

16. Monich B, ‘Sotsialni prava ta yikh zakhyst administratyvnym sudom: transliatsiia kruhloho stolu’ (Sudebno-iurydycheskaia hazeta, 30.08.2021) <https://sud.ua/ru/news/ ukraine/212165-sotsialni-prava-ta-yikh-zakhist-administrativnim-sudom-translyatsiyakruglogostolu> (accessed: 18.11.2021) (in Ukrainian).